What is Medical Marijuana?
Medical Marijuana or Medical Cannabis is a plant-based medicine from the Cannabis sativa or Cannabis indica species to treat diseases or conditions. The marijuana plant contains more than 100 different chemicals called cannabinoids. Each one has a different effect on the body. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are the main chemicals used in medicine. THC also produces the “high” people feel when they smoke marijuana or eat foods containing it.
In the United States, Medical Marijuana is mostly used for pain control. While marijuana isn’t strong enough for severe pain (for example, post-surgical pain or a broken bone), it is quite effective for the chronic pain that plagues millions of Americans, especially as they age.
Furthermore, Medical Marijuana is safer than opiates as it is impossible to overdose on and far less addictive. It can easily replace NSAIDs such as Advil or Aleve, if people can’t take them due to problems with their kidneys or ulcers or GERD. Patients also do report many benefits of CBD, from relieving insomnia, anxiety, spasticity, and pain to treating potentially life-threatening conditions such as epilepsy.
There are many types, or strains, of cannabis. Each plant has specific THC-to-CBD ratios. Because of this, some strains have different kinds of effects than others. For example, if a strain of cannabis has a higher ratio of THC to CBD, it’s more likely to affect your judgment, coordination, and decision making. Your health care provider may be able to tell you about the different strains you can try for your health problem and their possible effects.
What is Medical Marijuana good for?
Medical Cannabis may be helpful for various health conditions. These may include:
- Nausea and vomiting from chemotherapy (chemo) for cancer.
- Low appetite and weight loss for people who have AIDS.
- Muscle stiffness for some multiple sclerosis or spinal cord injury patients.
- Chronic pain conditions such as arthritis, fibromyalgia, endometriosis, migraine and in particular nerve (neuropathic) or pain at the end of life.
- Inflammatory conditions, such as: Crohn’s disease, irritable bowel syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis
- Neurological and mental disorders, as: anxiety, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and Tourette syndrome.
- Sleep disorders, such as insomnia.
Cannabis is available as fresh, a dried plant or oil extracts from Licensed Producers. They usually contain both THC and CBD. Medicines that contain THC are also available. These include:
THC and CBD (Sativex).
This is a combination medicine that can relieve pain in people with advanced cancer and relieve muscle stiffness in people with multiple sclerosis. This drug has naturally occurring THC and CBD.
This medicine is used to relieve nausea and vomiting caused by chemo. It may also improve the appetite of people who have AIDS. Nabilone is a synthetically produced THC.
If you think you might want to try medical cannabis, talk to our certified physician — Dr. Edokpayi — about what type of cannabis might help relieve your symptoms.
Book your consultation today!